The growth of price appreciation is moderating, which is to be expected. Mortgage rates are just below 5.0%, year-to-date existing home price appreciation is up between 6% and 15% year-over-year for the top housing markets, and national affordability is hitting a tipping point. Our Director of Economic Research, Ali Wolf, provides three considerations about today’s pricing.
Home Price Appreciation Year-Over-Year
1. Prices stabilizing should be good for future demand. We wrote last month about a price ceiling, which holds true today. If a household could afford a $460,000 home in Riverside, CA at a 4.0% rate, all else equal, the home price would need to be $420,000 to keep the same monthly payment at 5.0%. The math shows that a 100 basis point increase in rates translates to roughly 10% in home price nationally. If we see homes on the market adjust their asking price or standing inventory with hefty incentives, this could offset some of the pressure from rising rates and help reignite demand*.
2. Price appreciation can slow but still grow. The industry is quick to reflect on the housing boom and bust of the 2000s when housing data starts to falter. Looking beyond this period, there are other examples of changing pricing dynamics.
- 1990s appreciation. After the savings and loan recession of 1990 and 1991, the housing market started to take off again. Price appreciation was generally steady from 1992 onward, hitting a high in 1996 where growth averaged 8% across the top housing markets. The following two years averaged only 5% appreciation. The slowing trend then reversed course starting in 1999 and, for most markets, growth continued all the way through the housing boom in the 2000s.
- Four years ago. Existing home listings with price cuts reached the highest level since 2014. This period was similar to today in that rates jumped 100 basis points leading up to the price cuts. In 2013, home price appreciation averaged 14% across the top markets, and again, was followed by a more reasonable pace of 5% in 2014. It is worth noting that new home sales grew 2% in 2014 year-over-year even as rates moved from sub-3.5% to around 4.5%.
In the past, the media portrayed the changing dynamics in a less sensationalized manner.